Today's soundtrack is Dream Theater: Falling Into Infinity, probably their most radio-friendly album.
You may have noticed that this series is titled "Trigonometric Equations and Identities." So far, we've been working with equations; today, we'll be learning about trigonometric identities. Let's start by differentiating the two.
An equation is only true for certain values of its variables.
An identity is true for any values of its variables.
The following are the identities that we should be familiar with:
secθ = 1 / cosθ
cscθ = 1 / sinθ
cotθ = 1 / tanθ
tanθ = sinθ / cosθ
cotθ = cosθ / sinθ
sin²θ + cos²θ = 1
1 + cot²θ = csc²θ
1 + tan²θ = sec²θ
All of these identities will be true for all values of θ.
We can prove identities by breaking down complex terms into simple terms through simplifying. We start with a two-sided equation. We split the equation with a bar down the middle, then simplify the more complicated side. After that, we simplify the easier side, and show that the two values are equal.
While we prove identities, we will be asked to simplify rational expressions using this method:
Identify the denominator of the top term
Identify the denominator of the bottom term
Combine them as a common denominator
Multiply the top term by the common denominator
Multiply the bottom term by the common denominator
If we are asked to verify an equation for a value, we simply substitute the value in for the variable and solve by breaking down the identities as discussed above. We can also solve graphically by using technology and checking for intersects. If the graphs overlap at all points, then the value is verified.
That's it for today; next time, we'll tackle part 2 of this lesson.